IMSE lunchtime seminar: November 19, noon, in Altgeld 345

Liming Feng, IESE:  http://web.engr.illinois.edu/~fenglm/

From Shannon’s Sampling to Optimal Stopping in Finance

The Whittaker-Shannon-Kotel′nikov sampling theorem and the Paley-Wiener theorem state that an entire function of exponential type (band-limited function) can be reconstructed exactly from its values at discrete sampling points through the cardinal series. For functions that are analytic in a horizontal strip, the cardinal series is still highly accurate, with the approximation error converging to zero exponentially in the length of the sampling interval. In option valuation applications in finance, the characteristic function of the log return process of an asset is naturally analytic. We explore such analyticity and propose Hilbert transform based methods for the valuation of European, American and exotic options and Monte Carlo simulation from such characteristic functions. Millions of option contracts are traded daily on Chicago Board Option Exchange and Chicago Mercantile Exchange. Most of exchange traded options are of American style. The valuation of an American option reduces to an optimal stopping problem. In this talk, we present the Hilbert transform approach for the valuation of American options.

Liming Feng is an associate professor in the Department of Industrial and Enterprise Systems Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He obtained his Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences from Northwestern University in 2006. His main research interests are in quantitative finance. He is interested in developing theory and efficient computational methods for solving various quantitative finance problems. He is affiliated with the Master of Science in Financial Engineering program at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

 

IMSE small grants program

After a long hiatus, we are again soliciting proposals to the small grants (aware awards around $5K) program of the Initiative for Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (IMSE). This solicitation is open to teams of University of Illinois faculty researchers which include at least one member of an engineering department (all CoE departments qualify) and one member of the Department of Mathematics.

The due date for the next round of proposals is November 30, 2014.

Proposals – 1-3 pages of high level description of planned research and how the funds to be spent – should be sent to: imsegrants@illinois.edu. Proposals will be reviewed by a panel formed by the IMSE Steering Committee, and awards will be announced within four weeks of the due date.

IMSE lunchtime seminar: October 15, noon, in CSL 141

Central limit theorems for supercritical branching Markov processes

Renming Song

Department of Mathematics, University of Illinois

Abstract:

In this talk, I will give a survey of the recent results on spatial
central limit theorems for a large class of supercritical branching
Markov processes.

IMSE lunchtime seminar: October 8, at noon

Our seminar will be in CSL 141.

Recovery of single molecule folding landscapes from univariate time series
Andrew L. Ferguson, Materials Science and Engineering, UIUC

The stable conformations and structural fluctuations of biomolecules and polymers are governed by the underlying molecular free energy surface (FES). We have previously developed nonlinear machine learning tools to synthesize from molecular dynamics simulations low-dimensional representations of the FES parameterized by collective coordinates, which are, in principle, functions of all molecular degrees of freedom. Experimentally, the full set of molecular degrees of freedom as a function of time is inaccessible, with sophisticated single-molecule techniques limited to tracking a handful of coarse-grained observables, such as the molecular radius of gyration, or an intra-molecular distance between fluorescent molecular tags. By integrating Takens’ theorem of delay embeddings with nonlinear manifold learning techniques, we have developed a computational approach to recover smooth transformations of a molecular FES from time series following the temporal evolution of a single molecular observable. We have validated our approach in molecular dynamics simulations of an n-tetracosane (C_24H_50) hydrocarbon chain in water, and demonstrated that the FES computed from a time series of the chain head-to-tail distance is a C^1 transformation of the FES recovered from a complete knowledge of all molecular degrees of freedom. In future work, we will extend our approach to proteins, confront issues of finite sampling, sample noise, and non-generic observables, and partner with single-molecule biophysicists to apply our methodology to experimental data.

This work was partially supported by a 2013 IMSE Small Grant to A.L. Ferguson (MatSE), and R.E.L. DeVille (Math).

BIO

Andrew L. Ferguson is Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, and an Affiliated Assistant Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, and Computational Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He received an M.Eng. in Chemical Engineering from Imperial College London in 2005, and a PhD in Chemical and Biological Engineering from Princeton University in 2010. From 2010 to 2012 he was a Postdoctoral Fellow of the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard in the Department of Chemical Engineering at MIT. He commenced his appointment at UIUC in August 2012. His research interests lie at the intersection of biomolecular simulation, nonlinear machine learning, and computational immunology. He is the recipient of a 2014 NSF CAREER Award, a 2014 ACS PRF Doctoral New Investigator, and was named the Institution of Chemical Engineers North America 2013 Young Chemical Engineer of the Year for his work in the application of thermodynamic principles to HIV and hepatitis C vaccine design.

IMSE lunchtime seminars starting again in the Fall!

We’ll be starting up the IMSE lunchtime seminar series in Fall 2014.  We’ve decided to change the format to a more traditional one, with one speaker for the hour. The talks will be located in CSL 141, and lunch will be provided.

The talks scheduled this fall will be:

September 10:  Georgios Fellouris, Statistics

October 8: Andrew Ferguson, MatSE

October 15: Renming Song, Mathematics

November 19: Liming Feng, ISE

November:  Daniel Work, CEE

IMSE lunchtime seminar: April 16, at noon

We meet in Grainger Libraryroom 329.
Georgios Fellouris, Statistics, will be talking on Adaptive and Scalable Sequential Detection Rules.

Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss the  problem of  signal detection when observations are sequentially acquired from a “large” number of sources  and  the (unknown) subset of sources in which signal is present is “small”.  I will  propose a class of sequential detection rules that are characterized by adaptiveness, in the sense that  they are asymptotically optimal  under any scenario for the subset of affected sources,  and  scalability, in the sense that the  operations required for the computation of the corresponding test statistic at any given time scales linearly with the number of sources.

IMSE Hot TIME Symposium: Applied Geometry, Topology and Networks

The Symposium takes place on February 24-25, and features 2 plenary and 20 invited talks by experts from 12 universities and LANL. Details – here.

IMSE lunchtime seminar: December 4, at noon

We meet in Grainger Libraryroom 335. The last IMSE seminar of the year will have

Naira Hovakimyan, MechSE, talking on Planning with monsieur Bezier

 We will introduce a heuristic planar trajectory-generation framework for multiple vehicles. Desired feasible trajectories are generated using Pythagorean Hodograph Bezier curves that satisfy the dynamic constraints of the vehicles, and guarantee spatial separation between the paths for safe operation. It is shown that the trajectory generation framework can be cast into a constrained optimization problem where a set of (sub)optimal desired trajectories are obtained by minimizing a cost function. To show the efficiency of the algorithm, a simulation example is given, where three fixed-wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles are following and coordinating along feasible trajectories that are generated by the algorithm.
followed by

Richard Laugesen, Math, who, sticking with the French, speaks about
The Laplacian: conjectured spectral bounds


Eigenvalues of the Laplacian have intrigued physicists and mathematicians for hundreds of years. They represent physical quantities such as frequencies of drums and energy levels of quantum particles, while encoding geometric information such as area and perimeter.

I will discuss recent numerical work (not by me) that hints at a possible isoperimetric type inequality for high energies.

(This talk is accessible to anyone who has heard of the trigonometric eigenfunctions of the rectangle or the Bessel eigenfunctions of the disk.)

IMSE lunchtime seminar: November 6, at noon

We meet in Grainger Libraryroom 329.

Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia, ECE, talks on Analysis of Power System Dynamics Subject to Stochastic Power Injections

 We propose a framework to study the impact of stochastic active/reactive power injections on power system dynamics with a focus on time scales involving electromechanical phenomena. In this framework the active/reactive power injections evolve according to a continuous-time Markov chain (CTMC), while the power system dynamics are described by the standard differential algebraic equation (DAE) model. The DAE model is linearized around a nominal set of active/reactive power injections; and the combination of the linearized DAE model and the CTMC forms a stochastic process known as a Stochastic Hybrid System (SHS). The extended generator of the SHS yields a system of ordinary differential equations that governs the evolution of the power system dynamic and algebraic state moments. We illustrate the application of the framework through numerical case studies. We close by discussing several extensions to the SHS model that allow capturing additional phenomena of interest, but make
the analysis of the resulting SHS substantially harder.

This work is joint with Lee DeVille, Sairaj Dhople, and Jiangmeng Zhang.

followed by Lee DeVille, Math, speaking about
Moment closure for stochastic hybrid systems in equilibrium

We consider the formalism of stochastic hybrid systems (SHS) in general, and some specific problems motivated by applications. We seek to uncover the evolution of the moments of the process when it is at equilibrium or approaching equilibrium. We present a family of such processes for which classical techniques are ineffective and present a few differing perspectives on how to attack such problems, using both maximum entropy and renewal process ideas. We show that even when every component of the system is linear, the dynamics can be quite complex, and some surprising challenges arise.

This work is joint with Sairaj Dhople, Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia, and Jiangmeng Zhang.

IMSE lunchtime seminar: October 16, at noon

The second meeting of the seminar is, as usual, in Grainger Library, room 335.

Steven Levinson, ECE, talks on A Geometric Interpretation and Proof of Baum's Algorithm for Estimation of the Parameters of a Probabilistic Function of a Markov Process,

A probabilistic function of a finite state Markov process is a stochastic process, H, that generates a sequence of discrete symbols, O, that is neither stationary nor Markovian of any order. The likelihood function for H, P(O|S), is the probability that H generates O given that H is specified by the parameter S. An important problem is to determine S given O. The classical solution is to find that S for which P(O|S) takes its maximum value. This solution yields a consistent estimator of the true process from which O was produced. Baum’s algorithm is a computationally efficient way of maximizing P(O|S) with respect to S subject to a stochasticity constraint on S, G(S). In particular, Baum derives a transformation, T:G(S) \to G(S) such that if S' = T(S), then P(O|S') > P(O|S) except if S is a critical point of P(O|S) in which case S is a fixed point of T. Iterative application of T to an initial value of the parameter will cause P(O|S) to grow to a local maximum and, asymptotically in the length of O, the unique global maximum.
There are two standard proofs of this result, one based on the convexity of \log[P(O|S)] and another based on Hölder’s inequality. These proofs are long and rather opaque giving little insight into the remarkable properties of T. We give a new, short, and intuitively appealing geometric interpretation and proof of Baum’s algorithm. This proof begins by noticing that P(O|S) has the form of a homogeneous polynomial in S with positive coefficients and G(S) restricts S to lie on a manifold defined as that part of the hyperplane s_1 + s_2 + ... + s_n - 1 = 0 bounded by the first orthant of the space \mathbb{R}^n. From these observations it follows that the line segment from S to S' has a positive projection on the gradient of P(O|S) everywhere on the the segment. Thus T is, as Baum shows, a growth transformation.
followed by Nikolaos Tzirakis , Math, reporting on Talbot effect for a nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the torus.
Using various techniques from harmonic analysis and number theory we demonstrate the dependence of the qualitative behavior of the solution of NLS on the algebraic properties of time. To obtain the results we use some recent advances in low regularity theory of dispersive PDE. This is joint work with M. B. Erdogan.